Delta State University
SOC 101: Principles of Sociology
Fall Semester 2004
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Topic for the Week:
Social Relations: Gender and Race
Readings for the Week: Society: The Basics, Chapters 10 (pp. 244–261) and 11 (pp. 271–282)
(1) What is the difference between sex and gender? What is meant by gender stratification? Why is gender a topic that interests sociologists?
(2) Cite evidence that supports the notion
that gender is a cultural construction. What are some of the traditional
notions of gender identity? Can you think of examples that contradict these
(3) How is gender inequality supported and reproduced by various social institutions in the U.S.?
(4) How has women’s roles in the workplace changed over the years? Consider wages paid to women, the second shift, and new opportunities available to women.
(5) What is meant by the term minority? Are women a minority group?
(6) Identify various forms of violence against women. Why does society tolerate discriminatory violence?
(7) What is the difference between race and ethnicity? What does it mean to say race and ethnicity are social constructs?
(8) What factors generate ethnic identity? Why do some groups feel a strong ethnic identity, while other groups do not?
(9) What is meant by prejudice, discrimination and racism? What is the difference between individual and institutional discrimination? How can we recognize or identify institutional discrimination?
(10) Define the following terms and explain their connection to racial inequality: stereotype, scapegoat, pluralism, assimilation, segregation, genocide.